The culture of marijuana and cannabidiol derivatives has spread like wildfire in recent years. And the star product, at least as far as legal sales are concerned, is CBD oil (cannabidiol). A substance with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. It could be more effective than a drug. CBD is an organic compound in the Cannabis Sativa plant. In fact, there are several CBD extraction methods.
This substance does not contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). That is the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. So, one thing is for sure; it does not produce a high. Cannabidiol and other cannabinoids have been scientifically proven to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties.
What matters to us right now is the following quote. All the cannabidiol you find in gummies, drinks, and oils have to go through an extraction process first. Here you will learn how to extract cannabidiol.
When we talk about cannabis, especially in recent years, we divide between CBD and marijuana. That is for several reasons:
- CBD is legal
- The fine for carrying 1g of marijuana in your pocket is 600 €.
- CBD relaxes you and gives you a happy feeling of well-being.
- The high of THC can last for hours, even when you don’t want it anymore.
The truth is that cannabis, hemp, CBD, and marijuana come from the same plant and species. Many subspecies and differ mainly by the levels of their main components CBD and THC.
CBD doesn’t get you high, but it feels great. There are many situations where you don’t want to, can’t, or shouldn’t get high. But to deal with anxiety, stress, or your boss, you feel like you need that point of inner peace. That “I don’t care about anything.” To which a couple of puffs invite, CBD is perfect in that situation for several reasons.
There are very discreet products and formats such as gummies, oils, capsules, or vaporizers. These provide a purer effect than combustion. All of them have different CBD extraction methods. So, it is wise to start with each of them to understand better.
What Is CBD Extraction?
Extraction is necessary to make usable CBD products. To obtain a CBD-derived product, the plant material must undergo an extraction process. Before starting the CBD extraction, the upper parts of the plants must have good aeration.
There are different CBD extraction processes to obtain it from the hemp plant. They are in a place protected from direct sunlight, and the humidity is controlled. When the humidity percentage is between 5 and 10%, it is ready for processing.
We know that marijuana is a very versatile plant used for many purposes for a long time. In this opportunity, we want to teach you how to obtain products with CBD extract. The primary source of this compound is CBD flowers. That is its plant matter, which is very rich in cannabinoids. There are many methods to obtain CBD. Here are some of the most common answers on how to extract CBD.
Why Should We Extract?
A good quantity must be extracted so that the products are pure. In addition, the extraction must be carried out with the best possible quality. On the other hand, it must be understood which method is best for each case. In this way, we will be able to get the most out of the plant. The CBD industry has perfected in this regard to offer much better products.
The Most Common & Popular CBD Extraction Methods
The way used to obtain these different CBD-based products are carried out by manufacturers. They are responsible for extracting a pure extract of cannabinoids and terpenes by removing all plant matter. What varies in the procedure is the method to carry out the extraction. Either using a solvent, manual methodology, in oils or a CO2 extraction of CBD.
- Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extraction
Carbon Dioxide extraction method is considered safe as CO2 is non-volatile. Extracting CBD with carbon dioxide allows you to take advantage of all the molecules you want from the cannabis plant. That is because it is in a supercritical state; how can we achieve this?
Carbon dioxide CO2 acts as a solid or gas. It can be converted to a liquid state if it is brought to a stressful medium. That would make the temperature and pressure critical.
With supercritical CO2 extraction, we can obtain terpenes and any other cannabinoid compounds. These are in the marijuana plant because this substance can pass through the plant matter. Since it acts as a gas and can dissolve these components, it is thanks to its preserves its features as a liquid element.
- Steam Distillation
Distillation removes unnecessary compounds left in the concentrate. At the same time, it retains other minor cannabinoids that can make CBD oils more effective. That is through the “entourage effect.” It is where the behavior of each compound changes in the presence of other compounds.
It enhances its natural effects. Once the oil has been distilled, it contains 90-95% CBD and at least 5% other minor cannabinoids. For instance, CBG, CBC, and CBDA, which make it more effective than isolated CBD.
- Solvent Extraction
With a solvent extraction, the methodology is similar to that of steam distillation, but instead, a solvent is used rather than water. This ethanol extraction procedure to obtain CBD is a little more delicate. So, you should do it with care and caution. The first thing to do is to decarboxylate our Cannabis. You can do this by placing the plant material in an oven at a constant temperature of 80°C. That for approximately 2 hours.
Once you do this, the plant material should be in a container with a lid and refrigerated at 17°C. Likewise, add the solvent to the container until the vegetable matter is covered once the ethanol is excellent. About 3 cm above, stir and let it cool for about 3 minutes. Stir again and proceed to sieve the mixture separating the vegetable matter from the ethanol. People recommend repeating this last step.
Then we must take it to a bain-marie at a standard temperature of 70 to 80°C. It will start to evaporate, and only the oil will remain.
Which CBD Extraction Method Is The Best?
All methods have their pros and cons. You must know all the methods to make a decision. In addition, each type of product is best with a particular method. For these, check with your supplier or do some research on the web! You need to know how much purity you want, quality, and many other factors.
Can CBD Oil Be Extracted At Home?
Many people find it necessary to extract CBD at home for different reasons because they cannot afford one made by a laboratory or simply because they prefer to do this process. Either because it is not available in their country.
It is necessary to know that the best results are through alcohol or oils such as olive oil. Also, coconut or almond oil, since they are practical and suitable quality solvents. What you don’t want to do is attempt to make a CBD extract using inedible solvents or CO2.
There is a third home method. Through this method, you have cleaner results. However, it is more expensive and must be performed by a professional because it requires machinery. But because it is so complicated and expensive, it is rarely used at home.
Both the extraction and the whole process of realization are fundamental. Year by year, CBD has perfected its methods. The industry has invested a lot in knowing all the possible ways. To then determine which is the most convenient in each case. For that reason, you must know each one of them to make a decision.